Σπόροι Manchurian Βερίκοκο Prunus armeniaca
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Small fast-growing tree. Rounded, spreading form, winterhardy, and drought resistant. Native to
Manchuria and Korea. Attractive white flowers, golden orange fall color and edible fruit. Early flowering makes fruit production susceptible to spring frost damage. The largest tree in North Dakota is 26 feet tall with a canopy spread of 32 feet. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Alternate. Bud Color - Brownish. Bud Size - Small. Leaf Type and Shape - Simple, broad-ovate to broadelliptic. Leaf Margins - Sharply and doubly serrate, with narrow, elongated teeth.
Leaf Surface - Glossy, smooth above; axillary tufts of hairs, below. Leaf Length - 2 to 4½ inches. Leaf Width - 1½ to 3½ inches. Leaf Color - Light green on both surfaces; yellow to orange fall color. Flowers and Fruits Flower Type - Solitary, about 1 inch across. Flower Color - Varying from almost white to pink. Fruit Type - Subglobose, peach-like drupe, can be eaten but is best suited for preserves. Fruit Color - Fruits are yellow sometimes with a blush of red.
Form Growth Habit - Spreading. Texture - Medium, summer; medium, winter. Crown Height - 10 to 15 feet. Crown Width - 12 to 18 feet. Bark Color - Reddish-brown to cinnamon-brown. Root System - Medium in depth, and spread. Environmental Requirements Soils Soil Texture - Grows best in loam soils. Soil pH - 6.0 to 7.5. Windbreak Suitability Group - 1, 3, 4, 4C, 5. Cold Hardiness USDA Zone 3. Water Moderately drought tolerant. Will not withstand ponding or saturated soils. Light Full sun. Uses Conservation/Windbreaks Small tree for farmstead windbreaks. Wildlife Nesting site for songbirds. Rabbits and other rodents can cause serious injury during winter. Agroforestry Products Food - Used fresh, processed and dried. Medicinal - A source of phloretin, an antibiotic. Used in cosmetics, soaps, and cold creams. Some Prunus species have been used for coughs, colds, gout and cancer research. Urban/Recreational
Used as a specimen or as a screen. Fruits may be objectionable if used as a boulevard tree. Cultivated Varieties Mandan Apricot (Prunus armeniaca var. mandshurica ‘Mandan’) - Released by USDA, Northern Great Plains Research Station, Mandan, North Dakota. A cultivar
seed strain. Moongold/Sungold Apricot (P. x ‘Moongold’ and ‘Sungold’) - Released by University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota. Siberian Apricot (P. armeniaca var. sibirica) Related Species
American Plum (Prunus americana) Pests No major pest problems. Extracts of Prunus species are toxic to some insect pests
soak in water for 24 hours
3 months in moist sowing mix at 2-5 ° C refrigerator
all year round> Autumn / Winter preferred
Coir or sowing mix + sand or perlite
min. 20 ° C
bright + keep constantly moist not wet
until it germinates
Water regularly during the growing season
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